Dentures can look great, but they won't look as good or last as long if you don't take care of them. Taking care of your artificial teeth means ensuring they're always clean, which involves more than just scrubbing them with toothpaste after every meal. It also means following certain steps to avoid problems down the…
A Guide to the Different Types of Partial Dentures
If you have lost a few teeth but still have many healthy teeth on your jaw, then partial dentures might be the ideal solution. A partial denture is essentially a gum-colored or acrylic plate holding one or more false teeth. Continue reading to discover some of the different types of partials available.
Types of partial dentures
Partial dentures come in different forms. Although the dentist will recommend the best option after careful evaluation, patients have the final choice as the wearer. Some of the common types of partials include:
Acrylic partial dentures
In this type of denture, the dentist will fix the replacement teeth into a pink acrylic base. The gum-looking base is somewhat bulky and thick to minimize the risk of breakage. It has metal clasps to connect it to the natural teeth. Although patients can eat and talk comfortably with the device, the bulkiness is a turn-off. Also, the metal clasps can be seen when the mouth opens, which some might find awkward.
Dentists mostly use the acrylic removable partial dentures as a temporary option while waiting for a more permanent alternative like cast metal partials. Therefore, they are relatively inexpensive. If patients find this option comfortable, it might remain in place for a few years.
Cast metal partial denture
This partial denture is one of the most common options. It comprises a rigid, ultra-thin metal base holding a set of acrylic teeth. Like acrylic partials, metal clasps attach the denture to existing teeth. With this option, many people opt for precision attachments, which are more aesthetically appealing than metal clasps. With proper care, cast metal partials are highly durable.
Flexible partial denture
A flexible partial denture is a great alternative for those who find cast metal and acrylic partial dentures uncomfortable or suffer allergies due to the hypoallergenic materials. This type of partials comprises a thin, lightweight, thermoplastic material that is molded with injections to fit accurately over the gum tissues. The strength of this option comes from tissue attachment. The appearance is somewhat natural without the use of regular metal clasps, and it is preferred for the high level of comfort.
In contrast to the metal clasps used in acrylic and cast metal partials, flexible partial dentures utilize gum-colored clasps. The dentist will fix the thin clasps between the teeth so that it will be hard to differentiate between the partials and natural teeth. Since the materials used are hypoallergenic, dentists often recommend this option for patients who are allergic to denture monomers or nickel.
However, due to the production process, it is usually harder to reline or repair this type of denture, and any damage often demands the creation of new flexible partial dentures.
The choice of the right type of partial dentures will usually boil down to the patient’s situation. During a consultation appointment, the dentist will review your options and overall wellbeing to determine your eligibility for the different options. Contact the dental office to get started on your dental restoration journey.
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